These measure 11 1/8 INCHES TALL! This set is OVER 150 YEARS OLD. Extremely high quality steel - engraved plates protected in tissue paper. ILLUSTRATED with numerous highly finished steel engravings, including battle scenes and full length portraits from original paintings by the famous Alonzo Chappel. This is a gorgeous set, and displays beautifully!It contains over 50 full page steel engravings by the most desirable ALONZO CHAPEL, many surrounded by additional elaborate detailed vignettes, as shown in the pictures. Frontisplate of George Washington riding his white horse. Very high quality and high detail worthy of framing. Facsimile signature below the portrait Over 50 plates. These plates are valuable on their own and worthy of framing. Columned text with a decorative double-ruled border surrounding the text on each page. Larger than average font, plus numerous plates, makes this a pleasure to read! Well laid out, quality paper. Bound in the original high-quality, original morocco leather bindings! These are very heavy books! The 50+ plates are very desirable on their own. This set is in excellent condition with heavy generalized usage wear. The Morocco bindings are extremely rugged and tough and designed to support their weight. Theresome general signs of usage/rubs/wear, some foxing, minor stains, including on plates. Set is complete and still very presentable albeit rustic. Some creasing along spine as shown. Leather still supple but set has been read. Hinges are all strongly attached, minor starting at extremities. These are still tightly bound.
Clean internally and very well preserved, some foxing present. No writing or marking but for small marking on blank rear end paper, no previous signs of ownership. This is an important and highly desirable FIRST EDITION collection of plates by Alonzo Chapel. This would make an excellent gift and/or addition to any fine library. Antiquarian books make a great investment, are only going up in value, and are sure to increase the aura of any room or office.
These are very heavy books. These were printed in: 1858. These are exceptional, highly detailed engravings of the highest quality; and worthy of framing! This is an exceptional collection of illustrated. Bound in the highest quality thick morocco leather bindings!
These are exceptionally rugged and durable! FIRST EDITION / FIRST PRINTING of this desirable set.This is a heavy set. Set weighs 10 lbs unpacked. This is an exceptionally high-quality and important set. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Henry Barton Dawson (June 8, 1821 May 23, 1889) was born in Lincolnshire. And emigrated to New York City. He was an editor of the pro- temperance.
The Crystal Font and Rechabite Recorder. He wrote Battles of the United States by Sea and Land , published 1858 and in 1863 an edition of The Federalist. Creating controversy with James A. He owned and edited the Historical Magazine from 1866 to 1876. He also authored "Westchester County, New York during the American Revolution" which was published in 1886 in J.
Scharf's History of Westchester County. He was married to Catharine Martling and is buried at Sleepy Hollow Cemetery in Westchester County, New York. This article is about military actions only. For political and social developments, including the origin and aftermath of the war, see American Revolution. Clockwise : Surrender of Lord Cornwallis.After the Siege of Yorktown. The Death of General Warren.
At the Battle of Bunker Hill. Battle of Guilford Court House.
April 19, 1775 September 3, 1783. (8 years, 4 months and 15 days). Ratification effective: May 12, 1784. Eastern North America, Caribbean Sea.
British recognition of American independence. End of the First British Empire.
British retention of Canada and Gibraltar. Great Britain cedes to the United States the area east of the Mississippi River.
And south of the Great Lakes. Great Britain cedes East Florida. 5,000 sailors (peak 1779).55,000 sailors (total served). Army: 63,000 French and Spanish (Gibraltar). 25,00070,000 total dead. 6,800 killed in battle 17,000 died of disease.
At least 7,000 dead (2,112 in the United States). 19 ships of the line (1,346 guns) lost. 30 frigates (988 guns) lost.
(124 in the American south). 8 ships of the line (572 guns) lost.
11 frigates (326 guns) lost. Total: 37,00082,500+ soldiers dead. Army: 43,633 total dead.
9,372 killed in battle. 27,000 died of disease. Navy: 1,243 killed in battle 18,500 died of disease (17761780). 20 ships of the line (1,396 guns) lost. 70 frigates (1,978 guns) lost.
2,200 merchant ships (600 to American privateers) lost. 7,774 total dead 1,800 killed in battle 4,888 deserted. 7,000 total dead 1,700 killed in battle 5,300 died of disease (estimated). Total: 78,200+ soldiers dead. The American Revolutionary War (17751783), also known as the American War of Independence.Was an 18th-century war between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies. (allied with France) which declared independence as the United States of America. After 1765, growing philosophical and political differences. Strained the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies.
Protests against taxation without representation. And escalated into boycotts, which culminated in 1773 with the Sons of Liberty. Britain responded by closing Boston Harbor and passing a series of punitive measures. Massachusetts colonists responded with the Suffolk Resolves.And they established a shadow government which wrested control of the countryside from the Crown. Twelve colonies formed a Continental Congress. To coordinate their resistance, establishing committees and conventions that effectively seized power. British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia in Concord. Militia forces then besieged Boston. Forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, and Congress appointed George Washington. To command the Continental Army. Concurrently, the Americans failed decisively.
In an attempt to invade Quebec. And raise insurrection against the British. On July 2, 1776, the Second Continental Congress.
Voted for independence, issuing its declaration. Capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb. In 1777, the British launched an invasion from Quebec. Intending to isolate the New England Colonies.
Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign. Against Philadelphia, and Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga.
Burgoyne's defeat had drastic consequences. France formally allied with the Americans. And entered the war in 1778, and Spain joined the war the following year as an ally of France. But not as an ally of the United States. In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore.
Attacked the British in India. And tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war.In North America, the British mounted a Southern strategy. Which hinged upon a Loyalist. Uprising, but too few came forward.
Cornwallis suffered reversals at King's Mountain. He retreated to Yorktown, Virginia, intending an evacuation, but a decisive French naval victory. Deprived him of an escape. A Franco-American army led by the Comte de Rochambeau.And Washington then besieged Cornwallis' army. And, with no sign of relief, he surrendered in October 1781. In Britain had long opposed the pro-war Tories in Parliament, and the surrender gave them the upper hand.
In early 1782, Parliament voted to end all offensive operations in America, but the war continued overseas. Britain remained under siege in Gibraltar. But scored a major victory. On September 3, 1783, the belligerent parties signed the Treaty of Paris.
In which Great Britain agreed to recognize the sovereignty of the United States and formally end the war. French involvement had proven decisive. But France made few gains and incurred crippling debts. Spain made some territorial gains but failed in its primary aim of recovering Gibraltar.
The Dutch were defeated on all counts and were compelled to cede territory to Great Britain. In India, the war against Mysore and its allies concluded in 1784. British northern strategy fails (17771778). International war breaks out (17781780).
Stalemate in the North (17781780). War in the South (17781781).
British defeat in America (1781). Final years of the war (17811783). 220.127.116.11.1. Parliament passed the Stamp Act.
In 1765 to pay for British military troops stationed in the American colonies after the French and Indian War. Protected them from being taxed by a Parliament in which they had no elected representatives.Parliament argued that the colonies were represented virtually. , an idea that was criticized throughout the Empire. Parliament did repeal the act in 1766, but it also affirmed its right. To pass laws that were binding on the colonies. From 1767, Parliament began passing legislation.
To raise revenue for the salaries of civil officials, ensuring their loyalty while inadvertently increasing resentment among the colonists, and opposition soon became widespread. This iconic 1846 lithograph by Nathaniel Currier. Was entitled "The Destruction of Tea at Boston Harbor"; the phrase Boston Tea Party. Had not yet become standard. Contrary to Currier's depiction, few of the men dumping the tea were actually disguised as Indians.
Enforcing the acts proved difficult. The seizure of the sloop Liberty. In 1768 on suspicions of smuggling triggered a riot. In response, British troops occupied Boston, and Parliament threatened to extradite colonists. To face trial in England.Tensions rose after the murder of Christopher Seider. In 1772, colonists in Rhode Island.
The landing of the tea was resisted in all colonies, but the governor of Massachusetts. Permitted British tea ships to remain in Boston Harbor. So the Sons of Liberty.Destroyed the tea chests in what became known as the Boston Tea Party. Parliament then passed punitive legislation. Until the tea was paid for and revoked. Taking upon themselves the right to directly appoint the Massachusetts Governor's Council. Additionally, the royal governor was granted powers to undermine local democracy. Allowed the extradition of officials for trial elsewhere in the Empire, if the governor felt that a fair trial could not be secured locally. The act's vague reimbursement policy for travel expenses left few with the ability to testify, and colonists argued that it would allow officials to harass them with impunity. Allowed the governor to billet troops in private property without permission.
The colonists referred to the measures as the Intolerable Acts. , and they argued that their constitutional rights and their natural rights. Were being violated, viewing the acts as a threat to all of America. The acts were widely opposed, driving neutral parties into support of the Patriots. The colonists responded by establishing the Massachusetts Provincial Congress.Effectively removing Crown control of the colony outside Boston. Meanwhile, representatives from twelve colonies.
Convened the First Continental Congress. To respond to the crisis. The Congress narrowly rejected a proposal to create an American parliament. To act in concert with the British Parliament; instead, they passed a compact. The Congress also affirmed that Parliament had no authority over internal American matters, but they were willing to consent to trade regulations for the benefit of the empire.
And they authorized committees and conventions to enforce the boycott. The boycott was effective, as imports from Britain dropped by 97% in 1775 compared to 1774. In 1775, it declared Massachusetts to be in a state of rebellion and enforced a blockade of the colony. It then passed legislation to limit.
Colonial trade to the British West Indies and the British Isles. Colonial ships were barred from the Newfoundland cod fisheries, a measure which pleased Canadiens. But damaged New England's economy. These increasing tensions led to a mutual scramble for ordnance.And pushed the colonies toward open war. And military governor of Massachusetts, and he received orders on April 14, 1775, to disarm the local militias. Main articles: Battles of Lexington and Concord. Southern theater of the American Revolutionary War § Early operations, 17751778. Major campaigns of the American Revolutionary War. On April 18, 1775, 700 British troops were sent to confiscate militia ordnance stored at Concord. Forcing the troops to conduct a fighting withdrawal to Boston. Overnight, the local militia converged on and laid siege to Boston. On May 25, 4,500 British reinforcements arrived with generals William Howe. The British seized the Charlestown peninsula. On June 17 after a costly frontal assault. Leading Howe to replace Gage. Many senior officers were dismayed at the attack, which had gained them little. While Gage wrote to London stressing the need for a large army to suppress the revolt. On July 3, George Washington. Took command of the Continental Army. Howe made no effort to attack, much to Washington's surprise. A plan was rejected to assault the city. And the Americans instead fortified Dorchester Heights. In early March 1776 with heavy artillery. Captured from a raid on Fort Ticonderoga. The British were permitted to withdraw. Unmolested on March 17, and they sailed to Halifax.
Washington then moved his army to New York. Starting in August 1775, American Privateers began to raid villages in Nova Scotia. They continued in 1776 at Canso. And then a land assault on Fort Cumberland.
The British marching to Concord. Meanwhile, British officials in Quebec.
Began lobbying Indian tribes to support them. While the Americans urged them to maintain their neutrality. In April 1775, Congress feared an Anglo-Indian attack from Canada and authorized an invasion of Quebec. Quebec had a largely Francophone.
Population and had been under British rule for only 12 years. And the Americans expected that they would welcome being liberated from the British. The Americans attacked Quebec City on December 31 after an arduous march.After a loose siege, the Americans withdrew on May 6. On June 8 ended American operations in Quebec. However, the British could not conduct an aggressive pursuit because of American ships on Lake Champlain. On October 11, the British defeated the American squadron. Forcing them to withdraw to Ticonderoga. The invasion cost the Patriots their support in British public opinion. While aggressive anti-Loyalist policies diluted Canadian.
The Patriots continued to view Quebec as a strategic aim, though no further attempts to invade were ever made. British soldiers and Provincial militiamen repulse the American assault at Sault-au-Matelot. Had attempted to disarm the militia. As tensions increased, although no fighting broke out.On November 7, 1775, promising freedom for slaves who fled their Patriot masters to fight for the Crown. Dunmore's troops were overwhelmed by Patriots. And Dunmore fled to naval ships anchored off Norfolk. Subsequent negotiations broke down, so Dunmore ordered the ships to destroy the town. On November 19 in South Carolina. Between Loyalist and Patriot militias. And the Loyalists were subsequently driven out of the colony. Loyalists were recruited in North Carolina. To reassert colonial rule in the South, but they were decisively defeated. And Loyalist sentiment was subdued. A troop of British regulars. Set out to reconquer South Carolina and launched an attack on Charleston. But it failed and effectively left the South in Patriot control until 1780. The shortage of gunpowder had led Congress to authorize an expedition against the Bahamas.
Colony in the British West Indies. In order to secure ordnance there. And the local militia offered no resistance.
They confiscated all the supplies that they could load and sailed away on March 17. The squadron reached New London, Connecticut. On April 8, after a brief skirmish. With the Royal Navy frigate HMS Glasgow. Main articles: Olive Branch Petition.
And United States Declaration of Independence. Launched a final attempt to avert war. Which Parliament rejected as insincere.Then issued a Proclamation of Rebellion. On August 23, 1775, which only served to embolden the colonists in their determination to become independent. After a speech by the King. Parliament rejected coercive measures on the colonies by 170 votes. Argued that current policy would drive the colonists towards independence. Despite opposition, the King himself began micromanaging the war effort. Pledged to send troops to America. And Irish Catholics were allowed to enlist in the army for the first time. Favored the Americans, while Catholics. Provided a sobering military lesson for the British, causing them to rethink their views on colonial military capability. The weak British response gave the Patriots the advantage, and the British lost control over every colony. The army had been deliberately kept small in England since 1688. To prevent abuses of power by the King. Parliament secured treaties with small German states for additional troops. And sent an army of 32,000 men to America after a year, the largest that it had ever sent outside Europe at the time. In the colonies, the success of Thomas Paine. Had boosted public support for independence.
On July 2, Congress voted in favor of independence with twelve affirmatives and one abstention. To his men and the citizens of New York on July 9. Invigorating the crowd to tear down a lead statue of the King and melting it to make bullets.
British Tories criticized the signatories for not extending the same standards of equality to slaves. Patriots followed independence with the Test Laws, requiring residents to swear allegiance to the state in which they lived.Intending to root out neutrals or opponents to independence. Failure to do so meant possible imprisonment, exile, or even death. Congress enabled states to confiscate Loyalist property to fund the war. Who remained neutral had their property confiscated. States later prevented Loyalists from collecting any debts that they were owed. Main article: New York and New Jersey campaign. American soldiers in combat at the Battle of Long Island. After regrouping at Halifax, William Howe determined to take the fight to the Americans. He set sail in June 1776 and began landing troops on Staten Island. Near the entrance to New York Harbor. Due to poor military intelligence. Washington split his army to positions on Manhattan Island. And across the East River. And an informal attempt to negotiate peace was rejected by the Americans. On August 27, Howe outflanked Washington. And forced him back to Brooklyn Heights. Howe restrained his subordinates from pursuit, opting to besiege Washington instead. Washington withdrew to Manhattan without any losses in men or ordnance. Following the withdrawal, the Staten Island Peace Conference. Failed to negotiate peace, as the British delegates did not possess the authority to recognize independence.
Of New York City on September 15, and unsuccessfully engaged the Americans. He attempted to encircle Washington. But the Americans successfully withdrew.On October 28, the British fought an indecisive action. Against Washington, in which Howe declined to attack Washington's army, instead concentrating his efforts upon a hill that was of no strategic value. British warships forcing passage of the Hudson River. Washington's retreat left his forces isolated, and the British captured an American fortification.
On November 16, taking 3,000 prisoners and amounting to what one historian terms "the most disastrous defeat of the entire war". Washington's army fell back four days later. Then captured Newport, Rhode Island. An operation which he opposed, feeling that the 6,000 troops assigned to him could have been better employed in the pursuit of Washington.The American prisoners were then sent to the infamous prison ships. In which more American soldiers and sailors died of disease and neglect than died in every battle of the war combined. Pursued Washington, but Howe ordered him to halt, and Washington marched away unmolested. The outlook of the American cause was bleak; the army had dwindled to fewer than 5,000 men and would be reduced further when the enlistments expired at the end of the year. Popular support wavered, morale ebbed away, and Congress abandoned Philadelphia. Loyalist activity surged in the wake of the American defeat, especially in New York. S famous 1851 depiction of Washington Crossing the Delaware. News of the campaign was well received in Britain. Festivities took place in London, public support reached a peak.
And the King awarded the Order of the Bath. The successes led to predictions that the British could win within a year. The American defeat revealed what one writer views as Washington's strategic deficiencies, such as dividing a numerically weaker army in the face of a stronger one, his inexperienced staff misreading the situation, and his troops fleeing in disorder when fighting began.
In the meantime, the British entered winter quarters. And were in a good place to resume campaigning. On December 25, 1776, Washington stealthily crossed.
Garrison at Trenton, New Jersey. The following morning, taking 900 prisoners. The decisive victory rescued the army's flagging morale and gave a new hope to the cause for independence. Cornwallis marched to retake Trenton, but his efforts were repulsed.
Washington outmanoeuvred Cornwallis that night, and defeated his rearguard. The victories proved instrumental in convincing the French. That the Americans were worthwhile allies, as well as recovering morale in the army. Washington entered winter quarters at Morristown, New Jersey.
Though a protracted guerrilla conflict continued. While encamped, Howe made no attempt to attack, much to Washington's amazement. In December 1776, John Burgoyne. Burgoyne's plan was to establish control of the Champlain.
Route from New York to Quebec, isolating New England. Efforts could then be concentrated on the southern colonies, where it was believed Loyalist support was in abundance. In front of a French de Vallière.Burgoyne's plan was to lead an army along Lake Champlain. While a strategic diversion advanced along the Mohawk River. And both would rendezvous at Albany. Burgoyne set out on June 14, 1777, quickly capturing Ticonderoga. Leaving 1,300 men behind as a garrison, Burgoyne continued the advance. Progress was slow; the Americans blocked roads, destroyed bridges, dammed streams and denuded the area. S diversionary column laid siege to Fort Stanwix. Ledger withdrew to Quebec on August 22 after his Indian support abandoned him. On August 16, a Hessian foraging expedition was soundly defeated at Bennington. And more than 700 troops were captured. Meanwhile, the vast majority of Burgoyne's Indian support abandoned him and Howe informed Burgoyne he would launch his campaign on Philadelphia as planned, and would be unable to render aid. Burgoyne decided to continue the advance. On September 19, he attempted to flank the American position, and clashed at Freeman's Farm. The British won, but at the cost of 600 casualties.
But suffered a constant haemorrhage of deserters, and critical supplies were running low. On October 7, a British reconnaissance in force. Against the American lines was repulsed with heavy losses. Burgoyne then withdrew with the Americans in pursuit, and by October 13, he was surrounded.
With no hope of relief and supplies exhausted, Burgoyne surrendered on October 17, and 6,222 soldiers became prisoners of the Americans. The decisive success spurred France to enter the war. As an ally of the United States. Securing the final elements needed for victory over Britain, that of foreign assistance. Inspect the troops at Valley Forge.
Meanwhile, Howe launched his campaign against Washington, though his initial efforts. To bring him to battle in June 1777 failed. Howe declined to attack Philadelphia overland via New Jersey, or by sea via the Delaware Bay. Even though both options would have enabled him to assist Burgoyne if necessary.
Instead, he took his army on a time-consuming route through the Chesapeake Bay. Leaving him completely unable to assist Burgoyne. This decision was so difficult to understand, Howe's critics accused him of treason.
Howe outflanked and defeated Washington. On September 11, though he failed to follow-up on the victory and destroy his army. A British victory at Willistown. Left Philadelphia defenceless, and Howe captured the city unopposed on September 26.Howe then moved 9,000 men to Germantown. Washington launched a surprise attack. On Howe's garrison on October 4, which was eventually repulsed. Again, Howe did not follow-up on his victory, leaving the American army intact and able to fight. Later, after several days of probing.
American defences at White Marsh, Howe inexplicably ordered a retreat to Philadelphia, astonishing both sides. Howe ignored the vulnerable American rear, where an attack could have deprived Washington of his baggage and supplies. On December 19, Washington's army entered winter quarters at Valley Forge. Poor conditions and supply problems resulted in the deaths of some 2,500 troops. Howe, only 20 miles (32 km) away, made no effort to attack, which critics observed could have ended the war.The Continental Army was put through a new training program, supervised by Baron von Steuben. Introducing the most modern Prussian. Meanwhile, Howe resigned and was replaced by Henry Clinton on May 24, 1778. Clinton received orders to abandon Philadelphia and fortify New York following France's entry into the war. On June 18, the British departed Philadelphia, with the reinvigorated Americans in pursuit. The two armies fought at Monmouth Court House. On June 28, with the Americans holding the field, greatly boosting morale and confidence. By July, both armies were back in the same positions they had been two years prior. Main articles: France in the American Revolutionary War. Spain in the American Revolutionary War. The defeat at Saratoga caused considerable anxiety in Britain over foreign intervention. Sought reconciliation with the colonies. By consenting to their original demands. No positive reply was received from the Americans. French troops storming Redoubt 9 during the Siege of Yorktown. French foreign minister the Comte de Vergennes. And he sought a pretext for going to war with Britain following the conquest of Canada. The item "LEATHERWAR NAVY UNITED STATES! 1858)America History Pre Civil War" is in sale since Tuesday, March 19, 2019. This item is in the category "Books\Antiquarian & Collectible". The seller is "merchants-rare-books" and is located in Moab, Utah. This item can be shipped worldwide.